­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed

Scottish Folds are known to be a very calm, kind, highly adaptable and intelligent cat breed. They are endeared by many because of their appearance and their very affectionate and warm nature. Recognized for their unique trait, Scottish Folds boats folded ears that resembles an owl. Their folded ears result from a natural genetic mutation but don’t cause any discomfort in Scottish Folds. Aside from this unique trait, this cat breed is mellow and charming.

These inquisitive cats are also clever and very devoted to their family. While many of them enjoy being held, some of these cats prefer just following their human companion around the house or staying nearby and never leaving their side. Scottish Folds can get every attached to their family – not just one family member. But they are not too clingy that may annoy their human companion. Furthermore, Scottish Folds loves playing, interacting with their families, and being incredibly responsive to training like many other breeds. Scottish Folds are an adaptable breed. Because of their relaxed and calm demeanour, they can be comfortable in various environment. Whether it is a room full of noisy children or pets who are very active to being in a single-person apartment, they can thrive and live comfortably. However, because they prefer being in the company of humans or animals, it would be best to provide them with a companion if you leave them for long periods.

These lovable cats have a great appetite; however, not as active as other cat breeds. Because of this, they tend to gain extra weight. So, to keep them going and active, you have to stimulate them to move. Take advantage of their love for human attention and interaction by keeping them busy with games and interactive play for a fit and healthy cat. Often compared to a soft stuffed toy, Scottish Folds have two coat varieties: shorthair and longhair. The longhair variety has a more ruffled look, giving the Scottish Folds’ coat a woolly sheep appearance.

The affectionate Scottish Fold is often called dogs in disguise. Their dedication to their family is remarkable; that’s why they are an excellent feline companion to families with children and other pets in the household. They are also preferred by those who want their cats to walk on a leash because they can be trained easily. 

­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws

Breed Information

20-25 cm
4-6 kg
Life Span:
12-14 years
Sweet, Charming, Gentle, Affectionate, Friendly, Intelligent, Laidback
Energy Level:
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws
  • Grooming: Everyday 10/10
  • Shedding: Medium 6/10
  • Hypoallergenic: Low 2/10
  • Activity Level: Medium 6/10
  • Playfulness: Medium 6/10
  • Friendliness to other pets: High 10/10
  • Friendliness to children: High 10/10
  • Affection towards it’s owners: High 10/10
  • Vocality: Low 2/10
  • Intelligence: Medium 6/10
  • Independence: Low 2/10


In 1961, William Ross, a Scottish farmer, found a Scottish Fold unintentionally in a white cat names Suzie. She was a white cat with unique folded ears in his neighbour’s farm near Coupar Angus, Tayside region of Scotland. Suzie’s ancestry was not determined, but her mother was identified as a straight, white-haired cat. Because William Ross was so enthralled with Suzie, he bought from her subsequent litter. What’s impressive is that Suzie passed on a gene for long hair variety to her litter. So, William Ross started a breeding program with his cat, Snooks, and began attending various cat shows. William Ross named this cat breed “lop-eared” after a variety of a rabbit. He registered this new cat breed in 1966 with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy, where it was later renamed Scottish Fold. But in the early 1970s, sadly, the GCCF stopped recognizing this breed due to concerns over ear disorders such as infections, hearing problems and mites.

During the same time, the Scottish Fold came to the United States. Three of Snook’s kittens were imported to Dr. Neil Todd at the Carnivore Genetics Research Center in Massachusetts. Dr. Todd was, at that time, was researching spontaneous mutations. Unfortunately, his research with the Scottish Folds was unsuccessful; he found a good home for these three cats. Hester, a female cat, was given to a renowned Manx breeder in Pennsylvania named Salle Wolfe. She was later credited with the establishing of this cat breed in the United States.

In 1973, the Scottish Fold was recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and was given the championship status in 1978. The United Feline Organization, American Association of Cat Enthusiasts, and American Cat Fanciers Association named the cat breed the Highland Fold. Until the mid-1980s, the long-haired Scottish Fold cat was not recognized, but both types are gaining popularity. Meanwhile, the International Cat Association, National Cat Fanciers Association, American Cat Association, Canadian Cat Association and Cat Fanciers Association call this breed the Scottish Fold Longhair. The Cat Fanciers Federation call it the Longhair Fold. Canadian breeders sometimes call it the Coupari.

In 1990, The International Cat Association accepted the Scottish Fold into the New Breed program and recognized the breed for championship competition in February 1994. 

­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws


­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws

Over the last two decades, the Scottish Folds have developed a look of their own. They do not necessarily resemble the American Shorthair’s strong, solid “working cat” body and their squared-off muzzle or the British Shorthair’s huge, compact body, their flat planed top-head and short legs. Scottish Folds are medium-sized cats with a well-padded, rounded body. Their large eyes are round and broadly spaced. Their short nose has a gentle curve and well-rounded whisker pads. Lastly, they have medium to long fur with britches, a plumed tail, tufts on their toe and ears. They may also have a ruff around their neck.

The Longhaired Scottish Folds come in various colours and patterns. This includes solid, tabby, bicolour, tabby and white, and parti-colour. Their eye colour depends on the colour of their coat. Scottish Fold kittens are born with straight ears. Their ears will start to fold when they are about three to four weeks, but not all kittens will have folded ears. For the breeders to check the cat’s quality, they need to wait around eleven to twelve weeks. Right now, only cats with folded ears are allowed in the show ring. Thus, every breeder wants to breed and produce show cats with the quality they are looking for. Still, the straight ear offsprings of Scottish Folds are priceless to the breeding program. 


Because Scottish Folds can adapt quickly, they can practically live comfortably and relaxed in any home situation and environment. They are a perfect feline companion to families with children and other pets in the household. They can be relaxed and comfortable in a house full of noisy children and dogs as they are where they live alone. Moreover, Scottish Folds can be a great companion when you travel outside your home as they do not panic in different places such as hotel rooms or at shows. You can expect to travel with ease and won’t experience any problem bringing these amazing cats for your weekend trip.

Scottish Folds have a small, soft voice but not very vocal. They enjoy human companionship, and they will show it in their own unique way. They are very charming with a sweet and delightful expression on their faces. These sweet-natured cats are very simple and undemanding cat. All you need to do to keep them happy and content is a clean home, provide a high-quality diet appropriate for their needs and lots of love and attention. 

­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws


­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws

This cat breed is known to be problem solvers. That’s why they enjoy food-oriented puzzles and interactive games. Because of their intelligence, they can quickly learn commands and tricks. Challenge their bright minds with puzzle toys that will reward them treats to encourage them to stay alert and active. These clever cats are skilled in using their paws. They can open cabinets and cupboards to check out if their cat food is there. You can also see them playing with water from a running tap using their paw. You can also see them watching the faucet drip water for hours as a sort of entertainment for them.

There are many things that you can teach your Scottish Fold. So, imagine sharing your home with these playful and bright cats, it will always be very entertaining.

Lastly, when a Scottish Fold is appropriately socialized and trained at an early age, they will thrive on being a sweet-natured, well-rounded and well-mannered feline companion. These loyal and bright cats are very friendly and loving cats and they love human attention and interaction. So, take advantage of this as you train your Scottish Folds. They will treat your training time as a quality time of love and attention. 

Coat & Care

It is best to brush or comb your Longhaired Scottish Folds a couple of times a week to eliminate dead hair and distribute their skin oils evenly throughout their body. This is to ensure that no mats or tangles will develop on their delicate coat.

Train your Longhaired Scottish Folds to get used to combs and brushes at an early stage to avoid mats and tangles. You can start by using a very soft brush that doesn’t pull their long fur or cause damage to their skin. Every time you finished brushing or combing, give your Scottish Fold a small treat for behaving well. If the regular coat care doesn’t lead to any issues for you and your cat, you can upgrade to more effective brushes or combs for their age.

While daily teeth brushing is the best at keeping your cat’s dental health in tip-top condition, weekly brushing is sufficient. This will prevent periodontal disease and other gum problems. Trim their nails when needed or twice a month. As for their beautiful eyes, wipe their corners with a clean, soft, damp cloth to remove any eye discharge. Make sure to use a different cloth in each eye to prevent infection.

It is essential that you check their ear regularly. If the ears are dirty, have excessive debris or wax, wipe them out with a cotton ball or a clean, soft, damp cloth moistened with vet-approved ear cleaner. If it has a foul odour, it is recommended that you contact your vet for proper treatment.

Their litter boxes should always be clean as they are particular about their toilet hygiene. If it is left unclean, considering they have a long, thick coat, it can get to their coat and may cause tangling and matting. Also, they may tend to use other places in the house.

­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws


­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws

Scottish Folds are generally a healthy cat breed. Their life expectancy is between nine to twelve years with proper care, exercise, and provided with a high-quality diet. However, there are still health conditions that may affect the Scottish Folds, which include the following:

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – is a form of heart disease.
  • Degenerative joint disease – it causes pain or pain mobility on their tail, ankle or knee joints.

It is vital to keep watchful eye on your Scottish Fold’s weight to make sure that they never carry too much weight that could impact their general health and well-being. 

Children & Other Pets

Because of their adaptability and friendliness towards other animals, Scottish Folds are happy to live with other cats and cat-friendly dogs. It is always recommended to introduce pets gradually and in controlled environments to guarantee that they learn to get along well together.

The friendly and outgoing Scottish Fold loves playing. And with their calm and relaxed personality, they are an excellent choice for families with children. Even if they are rowdy and noisy, your Scottish Fold will just curl up and watch the activities going on in the household. However, always supervise younger kids to prevent accidents and make sure that they will not cause harm to the cat, especially their vulnerable tail that can lead to stiffness if mishandled. 

­Scottish Fold Longhair Cat Breed | The Pedigree Paws