Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is famous for being adored by King Charles II. This breed is appealing, a tiny bundle of happiness and pleasure with big sparkling eyes. They are easily trained, excellent with kids, calm and loving. This breed is one of the oldest toy breeds with an illustrious history that can be dated back centuries ago. The Kennel Club only recognized the Cavalier as a unique breed in 1944, and by the 1970s, the breed became one of the most popular in the United Kingdom.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are identified as relaxed and calm dogs that can quickly adapt to many lifestyles, whether it is living in a country environment or an apartment in town or city. They are also well-known to be very good around children and become treasured members of a family. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are also incredibly loyal and dedicated companions.
- Exercise Needed Daily: 1 hour 6/10
- Training: Easy 2/10
- Grooming: Twice a Week 6/10
- Shedding: Low 2/10
- Hypoallergenic: Low 2/10
- Watchdog Ability: Low 2/10
- Barking Level: Low 2/10
- Environment: City 2/10
- Type of home: Apartment 2/10
- Good with Children: Yes 10/10
- Good with Other Animals: Yes 10/10
- POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS: No 2/10
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the scion of a small toy spaniel showed in many old paintings of northern Europe. This dog breed was initially bred to warm laps in chilly castles and on cold carriage rides. A prescription written in Old English for the Queen of England directs her to have this "comfort dog" on her lap to cure a cold. During Tudor times, they were typically known as ladies' pets and, they were given the royal title of King Charles Spaniel under the Stuarts. King Charles II was rarely seen without two or three Cavaliers at his heels. He wrote a decree, which we still have today, that his namesake spaniel is acknowledged in any community or public space, including the Houses of Parliament, which were usually restricted to animals.
Breed standards were not recognized in the early days, but toy spaniels commonly had flat heads, pointed muzzles, and high-set ears. The English fashioned a new look for their toy spaniel and regulated its appearance in the mid-19th century. These modern Cavalier King Charles Spaniels had flatter faces, undershot jaws, and domed skulls. Breeders tried to recreate the earlier version of the breed in the early 1900s. They were mostly successful and so the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was born. The breeding of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in the United States took hold on a limited basis in the 1950s. Still, the American Kennel Club did not fully recognize the breed until 1996.
The overall appearance of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is elegant and classy, yet charmingly cute. Its little figure is 30 to 33cm in height and 4.5 to 8.2kg in weight. It is among the largest toy breeds. The face of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is unique for its friendly, gentle expression due to its big, round, dark brown eyes, set apart. The skull is somewhat rounded, and the muzzle full, but mildly shaped. The long, feathered ears are set high and broad on the crown.
The neck is long and set onto sloping shoulders. The chest is quite deep, and the body is compact. The coat is long, soft and silky, and comes in four colour combinations: red and white; ruby (solid red) tricolour (black and white with tan points); and black and tan.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an affectionate, playful, intelligent dog that eagerly pampers its owners with loving devotion. Shyness and aggression are not part of this dog breed's behavioural background. These happy and relaxed little dogs are excellent with children, and their longing to interact with their guardians makes them enjoyable household companions.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a charming, gentle and calm nature. They are undemanding little dogs that adapt well to all lifestyles and behaviour without any difficulty. They are very loyal and affectionate, as well as being playful.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is well-known to be intelligent and willing to try whatever their owners like them to do when it comes to training. They are brilliant little dogs. However, like any other small dogs, note that their training requires to begin early. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppies need to be socialized at a young age for them to develop being well-balanced dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are easy to maintain. They require brushing their coat three to four times a week and bathe them as necessary. The feathered hair on the ears and legs of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is susceptible to tangling. Cavaliers are average shedders. They don't need any special clippering trimming.
There are some health concerns that Cavaliers King Charles Spaniels are prone to. These include certain eye conditions like cataracts and retinal problems, other conditions like hip dysplasia, middle ear infection, patella luxation, a neurological condition called syringomyelia and mitral valve heart disease. They can be testes for all these health conditions, and a lot of them live well into old age. Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club:
- Patella Evaluation
- Cardiac Exam
- Hip Evaluation
- Cardiac Exam
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can be great playmates for kids who will love throwing a ball for them, teaching them tricks, joining in dog sports, or simply having them on a lap while reading or watching television. Because of their small size, though, they should be supervised when playing with small children who might injure them unintentionally.
When interacting with other small to medium dogs, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels will be good around them due to their friendly nature and how they adore other animals. Similar to cats and other smaller pets, they could live well together. However, note that a bigger and dangerous type of dog can be risky to the welfare of your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.