Originally from Mexico, Chihuahua is a delicate, compact dog and currently the smallest of all dog breeds. They have always been favoured for their adorability, intelligence, and character of thinking that they are bigger than they are. They are bursting with energy and character, are affectionate and loyal, and making a Chihuahuas a great companion to share a home with is a pure pleasure.
Over the years, the breed quickly became one of the most popular and favoured for their intelligence and cuteness. Chihuahuas are great fun and pleasure to share a home with. They are known for their fiercely courageous character and will stand their ground whatever the circumstances are. They are also very affectionate and loyal by nature and adore spending time with their owners. They are fundamentally indoor dogs and live well in small living spaces like apartments. Moreover, they are good lap dogs and can spend hours snuggling.
- Exercise Needed Daily: 30 minutes 2/10
- Training: Easy 2/10
- Grooming: Once a Week 2/10
- Shedding: Low 2/10
- Hypoallergenic: Low 2/10
- Watchdog Ability: Intensive 10/10
- Barking Level: Intensive 10/10
- Environment: City 2/10
- Type of home: Apartment 2/10
- Good with Children: Not Recommended 2/10
- Good with Other Animals: With Supervision 6/10
- POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS: No 2/10
While there is still some debate about how the Chihuahuas first came about, they can't finalize whether Chihuahuas first appeared in Mexico or Europe. It seems like it was in Mexico because of the archaeological finds and local Mexican folk tales. Some believe that the dog breed is an offspring of dogs that were found during the ancient times when a Mexican civilisation known as the Toltec kept identical looking small dogs called the Techichi. This belief on the origins of the Chihuahua is backed up by dog burials that were found back in 300 BC. Meanwhile, other dog enthusiasts think the dog breed first appeared in Malta or Spain because of identical-looking small dogs looking in paintings and frescoes of the time. These images were completed and appeared before Christopher Columbus came back from his journey to the "New World." This only means that the Chihuahuas existed in these regions before his voyages across the Atlantic.
In the 1800s, there are original records of the modern Chihuahua when Mexican businesspeople began selling these small dogs to tourists who were visiting Mexico. In 1904 came a little dog named Midget, the first Chihuahua who was first registered in the United States. From then on, the popularity of the dog breed took off. They were notably popular with ladies who wanted a small dog companion.
Best described as being compact, small, and dainty dogs, Chihuahuas have sassy personalities. They have well-rounded heads with short, somewhat pointed muzzles and distinct jawlines. They also have well-defined stops, which contributes to their overall cute and endearing appeal. Their eyes are big and round and set well apart. It can either be dark or ruby in colour. Note that some Chihuahuas have lighter coloured eyes that are also permitted as a breed standard. Their large ears flare out. They have a strong jawline with a perfect and regular scissor bite. Their necks are slightly arched, and their shoulders are well-laid back. Their front legs are straight and set well under a dog's chest.
As mentioned, the Chihuahuas are a compact little dog, and they are well-proportioned for their size. Their backs are even, and they have well-sprung rib cages and wide briskets. Hindquarters are well-muscled and have strong and muscular back legs. Chihuahua's tiny feet have well-divided toes and well-cushioned paw pads. Their medium-length tail is set high that the dogs carry over their backs. When it comes to their short coats, Chihuahuas have hair that is soft to touch and has a natural shine. Undercoats and ruffs are permitted as a breed standard.
Chihuahuas are indoor dogs, and they are well-suited to small living spaces like apartments. They have an alert intelligence in those shining eyes. Chihuahuas are quick and eager learners. They could willingly spend hours on their owner's lap or cuddled under the blankets. They are delicate little dogs who will return kindness and care with love and loyalty.
Chihuahuas seek attention and make good pets for first-time owners. Their personality can vary from energetic and outgoing to shy and nervous. Albeit the smallest dog breed, they are smart and fiercely loyal and faithful to the people they love. Chihuahua's protective tendencies mean that they may put an effort to defend against larger dogs or people they don't know.
Chihuahuas are brilliant little dogs. However, note that their training needs to begin early. Puppies need to be socialised at a young age for them to develop being well-balanced dogs. It would be a slip-up to "spoil" a Chihuahua by letting them go by with too much just because they are so adorable and charming. Being dependable, consistent, and giving ample time to train a Chihuahua is the key to them developing to being well-behaved, housetrained dogs.
Chihuahua dogs are easy to maintain in the grooming department, whether they have a short or long coat. However, they do require and enjoy being brushed regularly because they adore one-on-one attention they receive when they are being groomed. This also helps keep their coat and skin in excellent condition. Like other dog breeds, the Chihuahua tends to shed more during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more incessant grooming might be needed to keep on top of things.
Mature Chihuahuas do require bathing; however, this should never be overdone because it could end up stripping the Chihuahua's coat of its essential oils. When you have to bath your Chihuahua, you must use dog-specific, dog recommended shampoos and conditioners because they are the only products that contain the right PH balance for their coat needs. The good news is that Chihuahuas do not get that "doggy" smell like many other dog breeds.
Chihuahuas are prone to rheumatism, slipped stifle, colds and gum problems. They are also likely to corneal dryness and secondary glaucoma, due to their protruding eyes. In addition, they gain weight quickly. Always take caution around toxic products like chocolate or fertiliser. Remember, Chihuahuas are a tiny breed, and it will not take much to poison them. Chihuahuas are frequently born via cesarean section because puppies are born with quite large heads. Some Chihuahuas have a molera, an unclosed part of the skull that can continue to be open throughout their lives. They also have a tendency to wheeze and snore since they have small and short muzzles. Lastly, they are prone to stress, caused by the owner's inclination to treat them like babies.
Some Chihuahuas exhibit problems with the outer edges of their ears, which can turn into a more severe and painful problem if left untreated because it becomes scalloped. If that occurs, unfortunately, there is not much that can be performed to improve the problem. Chihuahuas with thinner ear flaps are more likely to have this problem than dogs with thicker flaps.
Chihuahuas, whether smooth coat and long coat, may not be an excellent option for people with small children or toddlers because they might be a little too arduous around these small dogs. It can result in scarring or injuring their Chihuahuas. Bear in mind that Chihuahuas are small dogs and can, therefore, be easily trampled on. It is highly recommended that an adult should always supervise any activities between a Chihuahua and a young child. Chihuahuas are very intelligent and are careful of toddlers and smaller kids because they appear to know just how exposed they are intuitive.
When interacting with other small to medium dogs, Chihuahuas are generally good around them due to their friendly nature and how they also adore other animals, if they are properly socialised at an early stage. Similar to cats and other smaller pets, they could live well together. Keep in mind, though, that a bigger and dangerous type of dog can be risky to the welfare of your Chihuahua. Make sure to have an adult to supervise any interaction with these kinds of dogs.