The Pomeranian dogs are the smallest member of the "Spitz" breed of dogs that includes the Alaskan Malamute, Samoyed, and Norwegian Elkhound, among many others. Pomeranian dog takes its name from the province of Pomerania in Germany. They became particularly popular when Queen Victoria permitted some of her Pomeranian dogs to be shown in a conformation show. This was the first that a Pomeranian dog was shown in a show.
Cute, sassy, and endearing, Pomeranians are intelligent and loyal to their families. They are independent, courageous dogs who have minds of their own. Today, Pomeranian dogs are popular in the United Kingdom and around the world. They establish strong bonds with one family member but always friendly to other members of the family.
- Exercise Needed Daily: 30 minutes 2/10
- Training: Medium 6/10
- Grooming: Twice a Week 6/10
- Shedding: Low 2/10
- Hypoallergenic: Low 2/10
- Watchdog Ability: Intensive 10/10
- Barking Level: Intensive 10/10
- Environment: City 2/10
- Type of home: Apartment 2/10
- Good with Children: With Supervision 6/10
- Good with Other Animals: With Supervision 6/10
- POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS: No 2/10
The Pomeranian dog was named after the region between Poland and Germany called Pomerania, where they were bred and developed. Their ancestors are larger Spitz-type dogs that are from Siberia, Russia, and the other Arctic regions. At that time, Spitz dogs were much bigger than the modern Pomeranian we know today, as seen in paintings from the 1700 and 1800s. The precise origin of the many breeds that take part in creating the modern Pomeranians remains unexplained. But, by the time Queen Victoria assumed the throne, they were increasing in popularity in England and the rest of Europe. Queen Victoria built a kennel to breed from her favourite breeds, and among were her dear Pomeranians.
It is regarded that in Queen Victoria's lifetime, the Pomeranian dogs dropped in size by almost half, giving rise to the Pomeranian dogs we know as a popular dog companion today. The first Pomeranian club was established in 1891, and a breed standard was set afterward. These adorable dogs continued to increase in popularity and became firm favourites with well-heeled ladies of the era. Today, Pomeranian dogs are still one of the most popular and favourite choices as dog companion.
Pomeranian dogs are small with a dense and plush coat. They have a very fox-like look, and they often look like smiling. Their heads are large compared to their finely chiseled muzzle. The colour of their nose matches their coat and the colour of a Pomeranian's eyes. Their oval-shaped eyes are set nicely apart on a dog's head, and the eye rims are black. Pomeranians have strong jaws showing a perfect scissor bite. Their short neck is well set into their shoulders. Their front legs are fine and straight and moderately long compared to the rest of their body.
They have short, compact backs and well-ribbed bodies that give them their "barrel" look. The chest is deep but not wide. Their fine-boned hindquarters have small, compact, and very cat-like feet. Their tails are set high and covered in long hair that spreads over, and if turned over a dog's back, it is a quality that these little dogs are recognized for. When it comes to their plush coat, the Pomeranian has a double layer with a long outer coat, flat and harsh to the touch. Their undercoat, on the other hand, is soft and fluffy. Their elegant coat is more abundant around the Pomeranian's neck, while the front of their shoulders and chest have a unique "frill." Their forequarters, thighs, and back legs are well-feathered, contributing to the Pomeranians charming appeal.
Pomeranian dogs form a very strong bond with one person. They are not ideal for first-time dog owners and families with younger children. These Pomeranian dogs may be small in stature, but they have lots of personalities and are well-known for being total extroverts. Pomeranian dogs are speedy to learn new things. Pomeranian puppies must be well socialised from a young age so they can become a well-rounded, well-mannered dog.
Identified as very intelligent dogs, they are eager to learn new things. However, note that their training needs to begin early. It would be a mistake to indulge a Pomeranian by letting them do whatever they want. Being reliable, constant, and giving ample time to train a Pomeranian is the key to developing housetrained dogs.
Like any other breed, Pomeranian dogs need to be groomed regularly to ensure their plush coats and skin are kept in the top and excellent condition. They also require to be given regular daily exercise, so they stay fit and healthy. Like other dog breeds, they tend to shed more during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more regular brushing is required. It's essential to teach Pomeranian puppies that a grooming session is something to look forward to. That is why it is crucial to make each experience always enjoyable.
The optimal grooming routine for a Pomeranian is to brush them daily while checking their nails and ears. It is always good to wipe away any tear stains using a soft, damp cloth. It's also very crucial to keep an eye on a Pomeranian's teeth. Brush them every day using a dog-specific vet-recommended toothpaste to reduce the risk of them developing dental problems.
The Pomeranian dogs' average life expectancy is generally between 12 and 16 years when correctly cared for and fed the right quality of diet. Like other dog breeds, the Pomeranian dogs are known to suffer from very few genetic health conditions and are known to be the toughest of the toy breeds. These are the following:
- Luxating patella
- Insufficient closure of the fontanel
- Chairi-like Malformation and Syringomyelia (SM)
- Tracheal collapse
- Black Skin Disease otherwise called Alopecia X
The courageous and active Pomeranian dog loves to play, but they are best matched to a home with older children who can be trusted to handle them carefully. Many dog breeders refuse to sell puppies to homes with very young children, for a good reason. Strong though that they are, the little Pomeranian can be easily injured if they are accidentally dropped or stepped on by a clumsy child. That is why Pomeranian dogs may not be an excellent choice for people with small children or toddlers because they might be a little too rough around these small dogs. It can result in frightening or injuring their Pomeranian dog.
It is highly recommended that any activities between a Pomeranian dog and a young child should always be well-supervised by an adult. When interacting with other small to medium dogs, Pomeranian dogs are generally good around them because of their friendly nature and how they also love other animals, if they are properly socialised at an early stage. Similar to cats and other smaller pets, they could live well together. However, bear in mind that a bigger and dangerous type of dog can be hazardous to your Pomeranian dog's well-being. Make sure to have an adult to oversee any interaction with these kinds of dogs.