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The Pomeranian is believed to be a descendent of the German Spitz breed that was used in Iceland to pull sleds. The Pomeranian breed is thought to have developed when the German Spitz was transported to the southern coast of the Baltic Sea; to a place named Pomerania. Today, the Pomeranian is much loved for its adorable appearance and charismatic personality.
Meet the Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a small glamorous-looking dog breed with a fine-boned compact body, short neck, and dainty cat-like paws. Their heads are fox-shaped with erect rounded ears and a short, straight muzzle. The tail is set high on this breed and spreads out in an impressive plume over the back. Their legs are slightly muscled, short, and of equal length. The hindquarters are moderately bent and sit well under the set of the tail. Pomeranians have dark-coloured, almond-shaped eyes that are set well into the skull.
When it comes to their coats, Pomeranians boast a thick, double-layer coat. The undercoat is soft and fluffy whereas the top layer is long and straight. They also have a long fringe of fur around their hindquarters which adds to their ‘filled-out’ appearance. Due to their thick coats, these dogs require regular brushing to prevent matts and tangles from forming. A brush every other day is best. Pomeranians come in a wide range of coat colours including chocolate, tan, red, sable, and brindle (black stripes on a gold, red, or orange background).
Pomeranians are the smallest member of the Spitz family, weighing on average between 1-3kg. Interestingly, these dogs were not always so small. They used to weigh between 9 and 13kg before Queen Victoria bred them down in size.
The Pomeranian is a confident and energetic little canine with a very affectionate nature. These dogs love to be the centre of attention! Pomeranians are known to form very strong bonds with one family member in particular so they are probably not the best option for first time dog owners or families. They are also prone to suffering from separation anxiety so are best suited to people who are at home for most of the day. Pomeranians can get along with other dogs however, care does need to be taken as these dogs have a very protective and territorial streak which can lead to aggression. They are not best suited to households with smaller pets as they have a relatively high prey drive.
Pomeranians are highly intelligent animals so they do well with clicker training and learning new commands. However, you must begin training when your Pomeranian is a puppy, as these spirited dogs have a mischievous streak and will eagerly to take control if allowed! These dogs usually reach maturity at around 10 months old and as they get older, they are more inclined to become lap lovers! If your Pomeranian has been well socialised and well-trained, he will become an adored, comical, and active member of the family.
As these dogs are descended from working sleigh dogs, they do require daily exercise. A 30 minute-1 hour walk per day should be enough for this miniature breed. However, you should also ensure your Pomeranian has plenty of play opportunities to keep his active brain stimulated. Otherwise, he may become bored and destructive. It is worth noting that these dogs love the sound of their own voices so it is best to train them not to bark from an early age!
10 Reasons to Add a Pomeranian to your Family
1. They are loyal and affectionate: These dogs live for their owners and enjoy receiving attention; whether that’s through fun games or a cuddle on the sofa. They are also incredibly loyal and have even been known to follow their favourite person around the house!
2. Their high intelligence: Pomeranians are very intelligent and are also generally very eager to please, which makes them easy to train. Training routines should be consistent with this breed as they do have a bit of a stubborn streak!
3. They are playful: Despite their small size, Pomeranians are highly active and playful characters. They particularly love to chase toys.
4. Their puppy-like personalities: Pomeranians keep their puppy-like playfulness well into adulthood and they love to keep their owners entertained with their clown-like antics. This is just one of the reasons why these dogs are loved worldwide.
5. They do not require much exercise: Due to their small frame and short legs, Pomeranians do not require excessive exercise. 30 minutes to an hour is all that is needed per day, as long as they are mentally stimulated in the home for the rest of the day!
6. Their adorable appearance: These cute dogs are like fluffy teddy bears in their looks. Couple this with their endearing personalities and it's not hard to see why these dogs are so popular!
7. They are adaptable: These dogs can happily live in a range of home environments, from small apartments to large houses.
8. They are adventurous: Pomeranians don’t shy away from a challenge! They have even been known to make pretty good guard dogs. If they sense something is wrong in the home, they will quickly alert you with their characteristic yap!
9. Their silly antics: These dogs are a joy to be around as they perform numerous comical behaviours when excited, such as spinning round in circles non-stop whilst barking!
10. They are lapdogs: Pomeranian’s love nothing more than to curl up on the lap of their favourite human at the end of a long day running around and performing like a clown!
Best Homes for Pomeranians
Pomeranians can live just as comfortably in a small apartment as in a house with a large garden. They are ideal for couples who spend most of their time at home as these dogs do not do well when left alone. They are not best suited to families with young children as they are known to become a bit snappy when play gets too rough. However, they can make good companions for older children. Pomeranians require a lot of mental stimulation to remain happy, and they require consistent training to ensure they don’t develop any unwanted behavioural habits. For this reason, you must ensure you have the time and commitment to devote to this minute but feisty canine!